Train services were also affected by snow in neighbouring Germany, while across the North Sea Britain was bracing for the impact what Dutch meteorologists have dubbed Storm Darcy.
The conditions are so severe that the Dutch government has closed all coronavirus testing centres for several days.
The Dutch meteorological agency KNMI declared a rare "Code Red" warning for the whole country for Sunday, warning of winds of up to 90 kilometres (55 miles) an hour and "bitter cold."
Weather forecasting website Weer.nl said that overnight a force 8 wind was measured in combination with snowfall, adding: "This officially means a snowstorm in our country.
"It is the first snowstorm in a long time: the last snowstorm took place in January 2010," it said.
Most parts of the country had between five and 10 centimetres (two and four inches) of snow but some areas received 30 centimetres, public broadcaster NOS said.
All trains were cancelled in the Netherlands until at least 12 noon, train operator NS said.
Motorists were advised to avoid travelling and there were around 85 reports of cars skidding off the road, the Dutch infrastructure authority.
One local authority tweeted a picture of one of its snow ploughs that had fallen into a ditch.
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