"We will meet with Putin on Feb. 14 in Sochi," Erdogan told Turkish state broadcaster TRT News in an exclusive interview on Sunday.
The president said Turkey, Russia and Iran will hold the second Syria summit in Sochi and hoped that the summit would contribute to the situation in Syria.
Erdogan, Putin and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani first met in Sochi in 2017.
Turkey and Russia, together with Iran, are the guarantor countries which brokered a cease-fire in Syria in December 2016, leading to the Astana talks, which are running parallel to the Geneva talks.
Erdogan said a Turkish delegation just returned from Russia with progress on Syrian agenda.
"We hope that this positive development will ensure the [terrorist] organizations to leave here [Syria] and rightful owners to return to their lands," he added.
The president said that around 300,000 Syrian people returned from Turkey to their lands so far.
Erdogan criticized Washington’s failure to leave Syria's Manbij within 90 days as previously promised and signaled a possible operation east of Euphrates River.
"I hope that they fulfill this shortly because we do not want to live under threat. That is why we have all the preparations ready if we see the signs of threat," he added.
In recent days, Turkish officials said Turkey has completed all preparations for an operation east of the Euphrates in northern Syria, which Ankara said would serve territorial integrity in the war-torn country.