A British government climate action plan is “unclear” and lacks key details about how the UK will reduce greenhouse gas emissions over the next 12 years, the European commission has said.
In a report on UK climate policy, the commission said British targets exceeded EU requirements, but warned that key details were missing from the UK plan, such as boosting renewable energy and cutting subsidies for fossil fuels.
The commission said the UK “would likely” achieve a target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 37% by 2030 (compared with 2005) for non-industrial parts of the economy.
It said further clarity was needed if the UK was to meet a more demanding emissions-reduction target, namely the British contribution to an EU-wide target of cutting emissions by 40% by 2030 against 1990 levels. “It is unclear if existing and planned policy, which are only set out for the transport and buildings sectors, are sufficient to achieve the [emissions reduction] target.”
The commission also noted that the UK had not provided any information on its contribution to EU-wide plans to boost renewable energy and energy efficiency by 2030.
Under EU law, all member states have pledged to meet three headline targets for 2030: reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 40% compared with 1990 levels; getting 32% of energy from renewables and boosting energy efficiency by 32.5%.
Governments are required to submit plans to Brussels about how they will meet these goals. The UK is obliged to follow European law as an EU member state, but also during a possible Brexit transition period that could last until the end of 2022.
The commission has asked the UK to spell out more detail in several areas of the draft plan: it has called for stronger analysis on air pollution and more specific goals on research and innovation. The commission also wants the government to include details on phasing out fossil fuel subsidies.
The government was also praised for “good practice” over the Climate Change Act, which contains legally binding long-term greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets.
The UK is expected to improve its energy and climate plan following the commission’s recommendations. The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, which oversees UK climate policy, has been contacted for comment.
Last week, the British government pledged to enshrine in law a commitment to reach net zero emissions by 2050, making the UK the first major industrial economy to legislate in this way.
France and Germany are among countries that want the EU to agree a net zero target by 2050. Belgium, Denmark, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Sweden are also supporting the goal of net zero by 2050 “at the latest”, but some central and eastern European states are opposed.
EU leaders are expected to spar over the issue at a Brussels summit on Thursday and Friday. At the summit, the heads of state and government will sign off on the bloc’s “strategic agenda” for the next five years. Last week, a leaked version of the document was lambasted by green campaigners as “a collection of buzzwords” for the section on tackling the climate crisis.