There have been 440,000 suspected cholera cases reported in the civil war hit nation in 2019, already eclipsing the total of the previous year, the charity Save the Children said.
Data from the World Health Organisation shows that nearly half (203,000) of the infected cases are children, and the charity warns there have been 193 child deaths so far.
Death rates from the disease have doubled as conflict, now in its fourth year, has destroyed clean water and sanitation infrastructure that is necessary to prevent cholera spreading.
The bacteria lives in contaminated water and causes uncontrollable vomiting, diarrhoea and severe cases can lead to death by dehydration within hours.
Compared with the end of June 2018, nine times more people have died so far in 2019 and Save the Children is appealing for a renewed aid effort ahead of the country’s rainy season
“Disease outbreaks are now rife due to the collapse of the health system and weak sanitation systems and a population made increasingly vulnerable by forced displacement and malnutrition,” Tamer Kirolos, Save the Children’s country director in Yemen, said.
“The number of suspected cases has been relatively steady for some weeks, but the disease is endemic and we’re fearing a sharp spike because of the rains and flooding.”
Health services are also under strain with only half of health hospitals and clinics fully operational – the rest are closed or only partially operational.
The conflict in Yemen has left around 9.2 million children without proper access to safe water. Fuel availability is fluctuating, limiting the pumping of sewage and rubbish collection, leaving many parts of Yemen a breeding ground for infectious and waterborne diseases such as cholera.
Malnourished children are three times as likely to die from cholera infection and the disease itself is a major contributor to malnutrition in the country.
Aid groups are distributing rehydration supplements as well as water purification and medical facilities – though without an end to the war these solutions are only temporary.
“As long as the conflict rages on, clean water systems are breaking down and funding of aid in Yemen remains too low, all we can do is try and keep as many children as possible alive,” Mr Kirolos added.
Save the Children is calling on the UK to continue using its power at the UN Security Council to press all parties to implement the Stockholm Agreement in good faith.
Doctors have previously warned that the UK and US governments were critical in spreading cholera by supplying weapons and support to the Saudi-led coalition, which is targetting Houthi rebel groups.
More about: Yemen