Europe ministers, making the third attempt since June 2018 to approve membership talks for the Balkan hopefuls, are set to discuss in Luxembourg opening a path for Skopje and Tirana, with broad EU support and backing from the United States.
But Amelie de Montchalin, France’s European affairs minister, said there could be no way forward until what French President Emmanuel Macron in July called “deep reform” of EU membership rules.
That French position has raised concerns in Brussels about further delays in an already drawn-out process that will deepen the Balkans’ growing ties with Russia and China.
The six Balkan countries of Albania, Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia, all of which apart from Albania emerged from the breakup of Yugoslavia, are considered future European Union members.
“The first thing we need to talk about is how Europe must reform the way it does enlargement and negotiations,” de Montchalin said, calling the process “an endless soap opera”.
“Is the process efficient? From our point of view, no.”
The impasse sets up a showdown between Macron and the rest of the bloc at a two-day summit in Brussels from Thursday if Europe ministers cannot agree to open talks in Luxembourg.
While the Netherlands supports French wariness of membership talks for Albania, which is already a member of the U.S.-led NATO alliance, many other countries, led by Italy, are deeply frustrated by the French position.
Paris says the EU faces too many challenges to let in two more states from the Balkans, a region still scarred by wars fought in the 1990s and struggling with crime and corruption.
Germany has proposed a compromise by starting EU membership talks with North Macedonia before the end of this year and agreeing in principle to launch the process for Albania, but without setting a date before Tirana meets more conditions.
The European Commission, which handles so-called EU accession talks, said it was wrong to add more conditions because North Macedonia and Albania had met targets set by the EU governments.
“It’s becoming harder and harder to provide a proper explanation (for the delay),” European Commissioner Johannes Hahn, who oversees EU membership bids, told Reuters. “If we agreed with our partners on steps to take and our partners are delivering, it is then our time to deliver.”
Hahn pointed to Albanian reforms to root out bribery among judges, which many in the EU say are the most significant assault on judicial graft since the state of three million people emerged from communist isolation in the early 1990s.
North Macedonia, meanwhile, has resolved a long dispute with Greece over the country’s name - changing from Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to Republic of North Macedonia - and has cleared the way for NATO membership, probably in December.
“It’s very important to give a political signal that enlargement is not dead,” said George Ciamba, Romania’s EU minister, as he arrived at the Luxembourg meeting.
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