Karabakh conflict threatens stability in South Caucasus
The Armenian-Azerbaijani Nagorno-Karabakh conflict threatens stability in the South Caucasus region, Christopher Gunn, assistant professor at the Department of History in the US Coastal Carolina University, told Trend.
He said that his research involves the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, which is one of the ongoing conflicts since the end of the Cold War.
“It is tragic that the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has not been resolved,” he said. “Armenian armed forces occupied 20 percent of the Azerbaijani territory and it is something that should be resolved soon.”
It is shocking that there has been no enforcement of the UN Security Council resolutions on the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and the unconditional withdrawal of the Armenian troops from the occupied Azerbaijani territories, he noted.
“There have been other instances on implementation of UN resolutions,” he said, adding that the lack of activity regarding the UN resolutions on the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict in many ways speaks to some of the hypocrisy or double standards in the west and the UN.
Azerbaijan is the most powerful country in the South Caucasus region and the country is a key to prosperity and stability in this region, he said.
The conflict between the two South Caucasus countries began in 1988 when Armenia made territorial claims against Azerbaijan. As a result of the ensuing war, in 1992 Armenian armed forces occupied 20 percent of Azerbaijan, including the Nagorno-Karabakh region and seven surrounding districts.
The 1994 ceasefire agreement was followed by peace negotiations. Armenia has not yet implemented four UN Security Council resolutions on withdrawal of its armed forces from the Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding districts.