TAP crosses more than 20,000 plots of land in Greece, Albania and Italy. This relates to around 45,000 land owners and users.
TAP needed access to the construction corridor which is approximately 38 meters wide in Greece and Albania, and approximately 18 meters wide in Italy.
The Land Easement and Acquisition (LEA) process required TAP to identify the legal land owners of parcels affected by the project through the national cadasters. However, no cadaster data existed for most of the areas crossed by the pipeline in Greece, so TAP followed the formal processes of the Greek cadaster to identify all affected land owners within a 100-meter wide corridor. In Albania, TAP updated all national cadastral data within a 300-meter corridor along TAP’s route.
As one of the first steps in the LEA process, TAP’s contractors updated existing information on the ownership and use of all land parcels affected by the project. This process established detailed and comprehensive cadastral maps and tables, based on surveys and the examination of existing cadastral registers.
In all host countries, the update of the cadastre process has been completed prior to TAP securing land rights required for the construction and operation of the pipeline.
TAP is a part of the Southern Gas Corridor, which is one of the priority energy projects for the European Union. The project envisages transportation of gas from Azerbaijan's Shah Deniz Stage 2 to the EU countries.
The pipeline will connect to the Trans Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline (TANAP) on the Turkish-Greek border, run through Greece, Albania and the Adriatic Sea, before coming ashore in Italy’s south.
TAP will be 878 kilometers in length (Greece 550 kilometers, Albania 215 kilometers, Adriatic Sea 105 kilometers, and Italy 8 kilometers).
TAP’s shareholding is comprised of BP (20 percent), SOCAR (20 percent), Snam S.p.A. (20 percent), Fluxys (19 percent), Enagás (16 percent) and Axpo (5 percent).
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