For this purpose, it is necessary to prepare a very professional pre-project, design, implement it by phases and ensure a good management model to be able to optimize major benefits, not only taxes or customs, but economies of scale, he believes.
Torrents pointed out that creation of a FTZ requires previous market analysis and prefeasibility study, evaluation of the location and consideration of the project only from professional, social and economic point of view, without any political deliberations.
“Baku as a capital has enough market to establish a FTZ, but it is important to estimate the dimension of the market,” he said.
Further, Torrents noted that creation of FTZ is the best way to attract foreign direct investments.
“They offer infrastructures, incentives, services, they are facilitators to foreign companies, but can be used also for local industries involved in international trade,” he explained.
Torrents said that that there are different upsides of free trade:
-You have more security because you can control the products by yourself;
-You can re-export to other countries, maintaining the product competitiveness;
-You have important tax incentives and customs facilities;
-For the government the taxation risk in a Free Zone is minimum, because it can be controlled easily and with rigor without affecting regular activities;
-FTZ facilitates the local industry to reach new export market;
-You do not pay customs duties while the goods are being stored, in the meantime you can control them, do maintenance as, classifying, labeling, packing and re-packing, repairing, mixing, have a show room for selling, or any other regular action to keep them in a good shape;
-You do not have currency control and you can deal from any foreign company;
-Your activity gets comfort and more guarantees within a FTZ in the interest of your company.
Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev signed a decree on March 17, 2016, on measures to create a Free Trade Zone type special economic area covering the territory of the Baku International Sea Trade Port in the Alat township of Baku’s Garadagh district.
The FTZ is expected to bring up to $1 billion just in the first few years. Special tax and customs policy, which will be pursued in the territory of the free trade zone will also stipulate further development and simplification of a number of procedures.
FTZ will be located within the grounds of the new port, covering an area of 100 hectares. Since the new port is being built at the major railway juncture connecting the North-South and the East-West railway lines in Azerbaijan, FTZ will also have rail access. Serving as a multimodal transit logistics hub, the new port and FTZ will become a major consolidation and distribution center in Central Eurasia that provides a wide range of value added services.
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