Russia should be banned from the Olympics and all world championships for the next four years because of a continued failure to cooperate fully with a doping investigation.
That is the recommendation of the independent Compliance Review Committee (CRC) of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA).
If confirmed, it would mean Russia being excluded from next year's Tokyo Olympics and the 2022 Beijing Winter Games.
Russia officials, including the president, secretary-general, CEO and any member of the executive board of the Russian Olympic Committee, would also not be welcome at any major sporting event.
The CRC report said the Russian Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA) should be declared non-compliant after an investigation found data handed over from a tainted Moscow laboratory was neither complete nor fully authentic.
It is the latest twist in the saga of state-sponsored doping, involving coaches, doctors and officials stretching back to before the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics.
It is said to have rivalled that of the notorious East German drug programme of the 1960s, 70s and 80s in terms of its size and complexity.