The latest test comes days after North Korea launched a new hypersonic missile which is believed to have nuclear capabilities.
Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said the tests "create greater prospects for instability and insecurity".
Pyongyang says its weapons are needed for self-defence, accusing the US and South Korea of "double standards".
The latest tests are being seen as a clear sign that Pyongyang has no intentions on slowing down its weapons development despite strict sanctions.
According to state news outlet KCNA, the new anti-aircraft missile showed "remarkable combat performance" and also included "new key technologies".
The test came a day after North Korean leader Kim Jong-un extended a conditional olive branch towards the South, saying he wanted to restore a vital communication hotline between them.
Mr Kim however, also accused the US of "touting 'diplomatic engagement'... but it is no more than a petty trick for deceiving the international community and hiding its hostile acts".
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