Zapping people’s brains with magnetic pulses changed their music taste
Not only did the treatment alter the way participants rated music, it even affected the amount of money they were willing to spend on it.
Showing that the way people value music can be changed using this technique is “an important – and remarkable – demonstration that the circuitry behind these complex responses is now becoming better understood,” said Professor Robert Zatorre, a neurologist at Canada's McGill University and senior author of the Nature Human Behaviour study.
The circuitry in question is found in a part of the brain called the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.
Previous brain imaging studies have demonstrated that stimulation of this region leads to the release of a substance called dopamine, which acts as a chemical 'reward'. Other studies have show that pleasurable music engages reward circuits in the brain.
But this is the first time anyone has manipulated this circuitry to change the way people think.
When the scientists used ‘excitatory’ stimulation on the target brain region, the participants reported that they liked the music they were listening to more, and when ‘inhibitory’ stimulation was used they liked it less.
These results played out in the participants’ spending as well. The participants were willing to spend more on music following excitatory stimulation, and less following inhibitory stimulation.
All of the changes were only temporary.
Professor Zatorre thinks that this work could be applied to treat conditions as diverse as addiction, obesity and depression, because such disorders also rely on the brain’s reward circuitry.
“Showing that this circuit can be manipulated so specifically in relation to music opens the door for many possible future applications in which the reward system may need to be up- or down-regulated,” he said.