The planet Earth is now suffering from various environmental issues and it is increasing rapidly. So, many scientists have been trying to innovate new things to eliminate or reduce the issues. To used solar energy to solve energy crisis issues, scientists made solar panels but these are not that much efficient. But now it seems that scientists have found the efficient source of energy. As per the information, scientists around the world all now competing to develop the first kind of solid, stable form of artificial photosynthesis which can work like real photosynthesis process in plants. They might have got the answer but not practically. The new study has been published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Science.
Solar panels work well. Thy convert solar energy into electrical energy. That energy can be stored and then can be used whenever required. But, if compared with the process where plants convert the solar energy into usable energy for them, solar panels are not efficient. The demand for solar panels is increasing but in low light condition, these panels will not work properly as they need sufficient and clear sunlight. Plants can produce energy in low light situations. That’s why to scientists are now working to develop artificial photosynthesis which can work effectively in low light conditions.
Among the racers, Professor Dunwei Wang has cracked the formula which can lead to developing artificial photosynthesis to produce electricity. Wang, from Boston College, has revealed about this which match with the organic alternative. As per Wang and his team, they have discovered an efficient catalyst which can effectively produce energy from sunlight. This artificial photosynthesis will use sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide to develop fuel or electrical energy. The power can be stored and can be used later depending on the circumstances. During the study, the researchers discovered that traditionally single atom structures, which play an important role in artificial photosynthesis put through any degree of longevity. They used special two-atoms catalyst developed from iridium can handle more strain than a single-atom catalyst without wearing out.
One of the major advantages of this new artificial photosynthesis is the process uses up carbon dioxide. So, this new method of energy production can reduce the carbon dioxide level presented in the atmosphere. Before that, scientists have done many experiments with single-atom catalyst but they never tested the power of two-atoms catalyst. That will surely reduce the cost of energy production in future.
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